U.S. need farm workers

Uncle Sam

The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 lead by Vladimir Ilich Lenin was so successful that soon it offered the luxury of relying on a unique party to govern the great country, which was now property of the Soviets.

Five years later, following the example set forth by the Soviets, Benito Mussolini used the Fascist Party to implement the dictatorship in Italy. Two years later, Adolf Hitler in his book "My Struggle" outlined the possibilities of such a great party to the Italian in order to destroy the Republic of Weimar.

The emergence of the German National Socialist Party, which urged its followers to "think with their blood," was an outcome of Hitler's sermons which were at that time capable of exciting large crowds who enjoyed hearing that the Germans were a special race, the Aryan race.

The relationships of the Fascist regimes were established in 1936 with the emergence of the Axis Powers consisting of Berlin and Rome, which were later joined by the Japanese regime, which by that time had increased its enmity with England and the United States.

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, forced the Axis Powers of Germany and Italy to declare war on the United States which in turn was forced to ally itself with the young Soviet Union and the Western European powers. All of these events contributed to the development of World War II.

By 1942, nothing was definite. The brutal battles between the rival factions remained bloodier than ever. The United States initiated an enormous rearmament program which materially consumed the country's entire manual labor force. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, informed the United States Congress of the necessity of implementing a military infrastructure capable of producing up to 50 thousand airplanes each year.

At the height of its production between 1943 and 1944 the United States was building a ship a day and an airplane every five minutes. During six years of war, the United States produced 87 thousand tanks, 296 thousand fighter planes, 315 thousand pieces of artillery and mortar shells, two- million 434 thousand trucks and 53 million tons of maritime pieces (ships, boats, submarines, etc).

For the size of this war production, the United States utilized all of its available resources. Men and women of all ages worked day and night in factories and the healthiest and strongest young people were sent to the front lines.

In this context of conflict of war, in which the destiny of humanity was at stake, is when the Mexican laborers made their appearance. On August 4, 1942 the governments of the United States and Mexico signed a treaty for the recruitment and employment of Mexican citizens in order to alleviate the shortages of manual labor in the agricultural fields and to help maintain the American railways.

The predominant elements of the prevalent situation of 1942 which culminated with the signing of the Bracero Treaty were reported by Ernesto Galarza, the Mexican consulate official assigned to Washington D.C., in the following manner:

"Constant demand of agricultural workers anticipating the production for the war; the opinion expressed by the bosses that local and national agricultural manual labor would be reduced by the recruitments in the military and in other industries; the traditional opinion established in the south of Mexico is a natural reserve of agricultural manual labor and railroad maintenance; Mexico's desire to cooperate in the American's war effort by providing manual labor; the increasingly difficult circumstances of the Mexican working class in the cities and rural communities in regards to the scarcity of nourishment, increasing price rates and other economic overturnings; and Mexican workers' hope of earning better wages in the United States than in Mexico..."

The Bracero Treaty officially ended on May 30, 1963 but the agricultural workers continued coming into the United States until 1964. Soon after, the farmworkers who had dedicated their best efforts during hard times for the United States, were now being thrown out of the country.

|Continue| |Top of Page| |Previous|

|Home Page| |Table of Contents| |Bracero Page|